The High Court of Kenya confirmed a permanent injunction compelling internet service providers (ISPs) to block sports pirate websites infringing on copyrighted material.
In November 2019, Multichoice Kenya filed a suit against Safaricom PLC and Jamii Telecom Limited, seeking to compel the ISPs to block live sports streaming sites on their networks.
The High Court had initially, on 26th November 2022, issued a temporary order to the ISPs to block the said infringing content. Still, the Court of Appeal swiftly stayed the same on the application by Safaricom.
In delivering her verdict, Justice Wilfrida Okwany found that MultiChoice Kenya had lawfully issued valid takedown notices to the ISPs, and they should have complied with the same. She further found that the ISPs have not given any lawful excuse for failing to comply with the takedown notices. On delivery of her ruling, Safaricom requested and was granted by the court 72 hours to comply with takedown notices.
The ISPs have long opposed the takedown provisions in the Copyright (Amendment) Act and even sought to have them wholly repealed from the Act 18 months after they came into force.
SuperSport has made substantial financial investments to acquire and hold the exclusive broadcast and transmission rights for UEFA Super Cup, Championship & Europa Leagues, English Premier League and La Liga in Kenya and other sub-Saharan African countries. The constant illegal broadcasting over their protected content over the internet continues to dent their revenues from paid subscriptions.
The resolution of the landmark case marks the first time that a Kenyan court has sanctioned takedown notices in terms of the Copyright Act as amended in 2019.
The amended Act states in section 35B (1) that, “A person whose rights have been infringed by content to which access is being offered by an Internet Service Provider may request by way of a takedown notice, that the ISP removes the infringing content.”
The Kenya Copyright Board (KECOBO) and the Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) were interested parties in the suit.
Representatives of civil-society copyright bodies, which work to fight content piracy and protect intellectual property, have welcomed the verdict.
“This is a red-letter day in the fight against piracy in Africa,” said MultiChoice Kenya Managing Director Nancy Matimu. “We have been fighting for years to ensure that there are legal copyright protections and that those protections are enforced. The court has reaffirmed the law’s stance that copyright must be protected.”
According to Nancy, the case would have enormous implications for the content industry across the continent.
“The Kenyan courts have sent a message to the rest of the world that we respect the right of content creators to earn a living from their work,” added Nancy.
Nancy said if governments in the rest of Africa follow the Kenyan example, it will go a long way to strengthening the standing of Africa as an investment partner.
She is hopeful that African countries will follow suit by introducing legislation to protect artists, musicians, broadcasters and all content creators from preventing their content from being pirated and used illegally.
“This is a landmark ruling. With this verdict, Kenya is saying that any business looking to invest in Kenya can rest assured that their intellectual property will be protected.”