28 States Have Signed, Ratified the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement

African Union Unveils Operational Phase of the Free Trade Zone

AU Commission Chairperson Mr. Moussa Faki Mahamat, President of the Union Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and Niger President Issoufou Mahamadou unveil the commemorative plaque marking the Extraordinary Summit on the AfCFTA I Courtesy

The African continental free trade area (AfCFTA) is critical in delivering development and prosperity within the continent says African Union Commissioner for Trade and Industry, Muchanga Albert.

Speaking on Thursday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, he said AfCFTA broadens policy space for development and key in reducing conflicts.

“With the AfCFTA working and producing tangible benefits, Africa will be able to create conditions for ending poverty and unemployment; poverty and unemployment are some of the key factors that generate social and political tensions, which if left to linger, can transform into tension and conflicts,” noted the Commissioner.

The ongoing  33rd AU summit themed ‘Silencing the Guns: Creating Conducive Conditions for Africa’s Development’ commenced on  21st  January,  will run until the  10th of  February.

Silencing the  Guns is a  commitment to achieve the  Aspirations of  Africa’s  Agenda  2063,  specifically  Aspiration  4,  which envisions a peaceful and secure Africa,  thereby making peace a  reality for  African people.

“The advocates of free trade have long argued that its benefits are not merely economic. The advocates advise us that free trade also encourages people and nations to live in peace with another.

They also point out that free trade reduces the possibilities of war by making nations more economically interdependent because free trade makes it more profitable for people of one nation to produce goods and services for people of another nation,” he said.

Currently, 54 states have signed the agreement establishing the AfCFTA.

However, only 28 countries have ratified and deposited the instruments of ratifications with the AU.

The AU Commissioner said that more are expected to deposit instruments of ratifications during the summit.

“When we look at the historical trend, it takes five years for the AU legal instruments to enter into force.

The AfCFTA has been an exception; we opened for signature on the 21st March 2018 and in the period of one year, one month, one week, and one day, we got the minimum 22 ratifications required it to enter into force.

This shows the strong political commitment of member states and governments have towards this agreement. So, we are confident that we are moving in the right direction and we are taking the step,” he said.


The AfCFTA will bring together all 55 AU member states, covering a market of more than 1.2 billion people, including a growing middle class, and a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of more than 3.4 trillion U.S. dollars.

In addition to the key discussions around the  Theme of the  Year  2020  and the road towards implementation of  Africa’s peace and security agenda,  other headline issues to be deliberated upon during the summit include sustainable funding of  Africa’s development agenda specifically addressing the scale of assessment and contributions to the  AU’s budget; progress made in the implementation of  Agenda  2063;  operationalization of the  Africa Continental  Free  Trade  Area  (AfCFTA);  African candidatures in the international system,  the International  Criminal  Court,  and  Africa’s  Digital  Transformation  Strategy.